Business and economics courses

ACC215 - Principles of Financial Accounting
(4 credits) This course covers the basic introduction to financial management and financial accounting, including an understanding of the concepts, principles and practices in these areas.
ACC216 - Principles of Managerial Accounting
(3 credits) This course covers the basic concepts, principles and practice in managerial accounting, including the use of accounting in management decision- making. Prerequisite: ACC215.
ACC306 - Cost Accounting
(3 credits) This course involves the study of cost systems and their use in decision-making by management. Emphasis is placed on the areas of cost-volume-profit analysis, job-order and process costing systems, budgets and standards, cost allocation and capital budgeting. Prerequisites: ACC215 and 216.
ACC307 - Individual Income Tax
(4 credits) This is an introduction to current federal and state taxation laws and practices. The emphasis is on the federal income tax and its impact on accounting procedures and management decision-making. Prerequisites: ACC215 and 216, or permission of chair of the business department.
ACC310 - Non-Profit and Governmental Accounting
(2 credits) This course provides coverage of accounting and reporting standards for not-for-profit organizations and state and local governments. It includes accounting for hospitals, college and universities, voluntary health and welfare organizations, and others. Coverage will also be provided for governmental, propriety and fiduciary type funds used in governments. Prerequisites: ACC215 and ACC216 or permission of instructor.
ACC315 - Intermediate Accounting I
(4 credits) This course is a study of the development of accounting principles and practices as they apply to financial statements. Emphasis is placed on the development of the theory used in accounting practice. Prerequisites: ACC215 and 216.
ACC316 - Intermediate Accounting II
(4 credits) This course is a continuation of the accounting principles and practices covered in Intermediate Accounting I. Special emphasis is on stockholder's equity and dilutive securities, special issues related to income measurement, and preparation and analysis of financial statements. Prerequisite: ACC315.
ACC398 - Directed Study
ACC415 - Auditing
This course studies the internal control procedures in modern business, the development of auditing standards and procedures, the theory behind the development of such auditing standards and procedures, and how these auditing standards and procedures are applied to the public accountancy field. Special emphasis is on the auditor's decision-making process. Prerequisites: ACC315 and 316, or permission of chair of the business department. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ACC417 - Internship
ACC418 - Advanced Accounting
This course is a study of accounting for partnerships, business combinations, affiliated companies, government entities and nonprofit organizations. Prerequisites: ACC315 and 316, or permission of chair of the business department. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ACC420 - CPA Review
This course will be a comprehensive review of material for the CPA exam, using a computerized review package. Prerequisites: ACC415 and 418, or permission of the instructor. (1 credit)
ACC430WI - Entity Tax and Law
(4 credits) (Writing intensive) This course is a continuation of Individual Income Tax and Business Law. This course will focus on the legal and tax differences between partnerships, LLC's, and the corporate business structure as well as how those differences impact management decision-making. Other topics covered may include federal regulation of business, estate planning and bankruptcy. Prerequisites: ACC 307 and BUS 321 or permission of instructor. Cross-referenced in business.
ACC490SR - Senior Seminar in Accounting
(2 credits) (Fulfills IGE Senior Seminar requirement) This course serves as the accounting major capstone at Northwestern College. Through readings, journals, papers and oral presentations, students will reflect on their learning and connect it to their life after college as an accountant. Senior accounting students will have the opportunity to evaluate their success in meeting the goals of IGE, synthesize their curricular and co-curricular learning experiences, and articulate the distinctives of being a Christian accountant. Prerequisites: Senior status, ACC315 and ACC316 and in the last year at NWC; or permission of instructor.
AGR101 - Introduction to Agricultural Business
This course will examine the foundational principles in livestock and crop production systems utilized in the Midwest. Basic cultural, management, scientific, and business principles used in the production of food and fiber will be covered. In addition, the course will incorporate agricultural safety and occupational hazards for developing competencies needed for the agricultural worksite. (3 credits)
AGR210 - Practicum in Agricultural Business
This course will provide practical work experience for students in the field of agricultural business. Prerequisite: AGR 101. (1 credit)
AGR310WI - Agribusiness Writing
Agribusiness Writing is an interdisciplinary writing course focused on the study and practice of written communication essential to success in the professional world. The course explores techniques and strategies specific to agribusiness writing through lectures, exercises, collaborative projects, and individual writing assignments. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and two ACC, AGR, BUS, or ECO courses. (2 credits) (Writing intensive)
AGR330 - Agricultural Technology Systems
This course will provide exposure to many of the current technology advances utilized in modern agricultural production. Topics will include drones, global positioning systems, auto steer, variable rate technology, soil grid sampling, cloning, embryo transfer, robotic milking, laser cutting, and data analysis. This course will include numerous tours, demonstrations, and presentations. Prerequisite: AGR 101. (4 credits)
AGR340 - Agricultural Issues & Ethics
This course will examine many of the current issues and ethical arguments facing the agricultural industry today. Topics will include livestock production practices, animal rights issues, genetically modified crops, organic foods, water quality issues, climate change, conservation, energy use, food safety, land acquisition, and government farm programs. Prerequisites: AGR 101 and sophomore standing. (2 credits)
AGR410 - Agricultural Risk & Cost Management
In this course, we will analyze and review commodity marketing, marketing costs, governmental regulations, marketing information sources, pricing, distribution, competition, and retailing. In addition to marketing, we will examine the risk factors on the production side of agricultural products. Prerequisites: AGR 101 and ACC216. (4 credits)
AGR417 - Internship
Prerequisite: approval by business department.
BUS200 - Principles of Marketing
(3 credits) This course introduces students to marketing terminology; defines the elements necessary in moving a product, service or idea from concept to market sales; and enables students to understand and replicate the marketing process at an entry level.
BUS201 - Principles of Management
(2 credits) This course introduces the student to the basic principles of management. It includes the understanding of manager's actions in the work place, on the organization and employees. It includes the study of basic management tools and techniques.
BUS205 - Project Management
This course is an introduction to the field of project management. The main objective is to gain a basic overview of how project management is an art, a science, and a practice. Students will gain technical skills but even more importantly soft skills. Projects are about people, working with people, using skills like communication, working effectively in teams, interpersonal skills, time management, critical thinking, and organizational skills that are all highly valued by employers. The course will emphasize experiential learning and collaborative learning. Prerequisites: BUS200 or BUS201. (2 credits)
BUS210 - New Venture Innovation
This course is a foundational course designed to inspire and engage students in dimensions that drive new ideas as well as the methods and tools to develop innovation and problem solving. Students will address practical problems associated with starting a business, including a feasibility analysis. The focus is to empower learning through entrepreneurial thinking and immerse students in experiences that will develop skills for new ventures. This course will be of value to students of all majors and requires no specialized knowledge. (2 credits)
BUS218 - Business Ethics
This course is a study of basic ethical theories including the Christian impact on ethics. It includes applications of ethical decision-making to business problems and cases. Prerequisites: sophomore class standing and completion of at least two courses in business, economics or accounting. (2 credits)
BUS221 - Introduction to Legal Environment
The goal of this course is to provide the student with an introduction to the American legal system from a Christian perspective. Emphasis is placed on those topics which are particularly relevant to business and business transactions. (2 credits)
BUS225 - Practicum in Business
This course is a directed practicum in business for students and is by arrangement with instructor and on-site supervisor(s). The course will provide initial practical work experience in the field of business. Note: Requires 25 clock hours of work experience. Graded on a pass/no pass basis. Course may be repeated one time. Prerequisites: ACC215, BUS200 or BUS201. (1 credit)
BUS250 - Management and Organizational Behavior
BUS300 - Principles of Finance
(2 credits) This course covers the basic principles, theory and techniques of financial decision-making in the structure of a corporation. Prerequisites: ACC215 and 216 and MAT117.
BUS304 - Investments
Models of risk and return are carefully developed to provide a basis for assessing investment opportunities and to enhance our understanding of the role and importance of financial markets. A considerable portion of the course will be devoted to the pricing of derivative securities including options, forward contracts and futures contracts. Prerequisite: BUS300 or ACC315. (4 credits)
BUS305 - Organizational Behavior
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) This course will review the major historical and contemporary themes and phases of organizational theory and behavior. The class will examine and discuss the evolution and practice of the modern organization. The course will provide an understanding of the key concepts and principles of organization theory and behavior. This course will provide an opportunity for critical analysis of practical application of the concepts identified through the readings and lecture. Prerequisite: BUS201.
BUS308 - Methods of Teaching Secondary Business
(3 credits, alternate years, consult department) This course is the study of the content, techniques, materials and theory for teaching business at the secondary level. This course requires a 30-hour practicum and is required of each candidate seeking an endorsement in this content area. Notes: Does not count toward a major or minor in business education, business administration, accounting or economics. Students must earn a "C" or better in the special methods course in order to fulfill program requirements for secondary licensure.
BUS309 - Human Resource Management
Students study the development of human resources management, including history, policies, practices and applications. Specific attention is paid to the study of the processes involving the management of human resources and its legal environment. Prerequisites: BUS201 and BUS305 or permission of instructor. (3 credits)
BUS315WI - Business Writing
(2 credits)(Writing intensive) Business Writing is an interdisciplinary writing course designed to provide instruction on writing skills relevant to the workplace. The course focuses on the practice and study of methods of written communication that are utilized in the professional world. This course explores techniques and strategies specific to business writing through in-class lectures and exercises, a group project, and individual writing assignments. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and two business classes.
BUS321 - Business Law
This course is designed to acquaint students with the legal principles which, when followed, allow business transactions to run smoothly and with predictability. The topics include contracts, agency and property law, plus criminal law, torts, the Uniform Commercial Code, the litigation process and alternatives to litigation. Both business and non-business students can benefit from this basic course on Anglo-American law. (3 credits)
BUS323 - Operations Management
The course integrates the theory, scope and practice of operations in industrial and service, including scheduling, inventory control, logistics, forecasting and coordination. A strong emphasis is placed on practical and behavioral aspects of operations management. Prerequisite: BUS201. (3 credits)
BUS325 - Integrated Marketing Communications
(4 credits) This course will examine promotional and integrated communication strategies which include various marketing communication functions: sales promotion, personal selling, branding, event promotion, public relations, advertising, and interactive marketing. Students will learn to utilize this information in developing effective marketing communication strategies and programs. Prerequisite: BUS200.
BUS328 - Sales
This course is a study of the skills needed to develop and manage long-term relationships with customers and suppliers. Emphasis is placed on relationship selling, presentation, prospecting, handling objectives and closing techniques with consideration given to differences in the global marketplace. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. (4 credits)
BUS330 - Customer Relations Management
This course examines customer relationship management (CRM) and its application in marketing, sales, and service. Effective CRM strategies help companies align business process with customer centric strategies using people, technology, and knowledge. Companies strive to use CRM to optimize the identification, acquisition, growth and retention of desired customers to gain competitive advantage and maximize profit. Anyone interested in working with customers and CRM technology and would like to be responsible for the development of any major aspect of CRM will find this course beneficial. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. (4 credits)
BUS350 - Topics in International Business
This is an upper-level course that will involve an international trip. Students will observe business principles as practiced in other countries. It will explore concepts from management, marketing, finance, and accounting, as well as economic implications. Tours of businesses in other countries will play a prominent role in this course. (Note: this course will not meet the NWCore requirements for Cross-Cultural Engagement) Prerequisites: Approved application and sophomore standing. (3-5 credits)
BUS360 - Organizational Leadership
This course offers students an extensive examination of leadership in organizations and provides a set of experiences that are designed to enhance self-awareness and capacity for effective leadership. As such, students will explore both how organizations function and leadership and followership choices within organizations. The coursework will allow individuals to begin to develop a vision of their leadership practice within a perspective of how organizations work in God's world. It will include an overview of issues related to organizational leadership, including the definition of organizations, theories of leadership, characteristics and behaviors of leaders as well as varying contexts under which leaders must perform. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of instructor. (4 credits)
BUS398 - Directed Study
BUS400 - Entrepreneurship and New Venture Initiation
This course presents and develops a process to follow in order to successfully navigate entrepreneurship. Students will expand upon their development of a business idea into an entrepreneurial firm and then learn how to manage and grow the firm. It also includes interaction with successful Christian entrepreneurs from a broad spectrum of businesses. Students will learn the theories of entrepreneurship, meet entrepreneurs who will share their journey, and focus on crafting their own business plan. Prerequisites: BUS210 and junior class standing. (4 credits)
BUS401 - Consumer Behavior
This course explores the cultural, social, personal and psychological factors influencing buyer behavior; buying-decision processes and stages; and learning theory integrated with consumer beliefs and attitudes. Prerequisite: BUS200. (3 credits)
BUS403SR - Strategic and Ethical Management
(4 credits) This capstone management major course is designed to assist students in analyzing and synthesizing the material covered in other courses throughout their studies along with integrating their faith with that of their business education. It focuses on an integrated approach to management decision-making using all of the functional areas of business with an emphasis on strategic thinking. Prerequisites: Completion of business core and senior class standing.
BUS404 - Advanced Corporate Finance
(4 credits) This course is a continuation of Principles of Finance. We will explore topics such as the cost of capital, capital structure and dividend policy, and analyze their significance in long-term financing decisions. We will also examine international aspects of corporate finance and the management of risk with derivative securities. Prerequisite: BUS300 or ACC315.
BUS406 - Marketing Research
In this course, students learn to identify research needs, select research techniques, design research projects, develop research instruments and understand descriptive statistical methods. The goal is to equip them for reading, interpreting and conducting business research. Prerequisites: MAT 116QR or MAT 117QR, BUS 200 and BUS 205. (4 credits)
BUS415 - International Business
(4 credits) This course is designed to assist students in applying what they have learned in other courses to the international business environment. An emphasis on culture and the interconnections of management functions in global commerce provide an integrated approach to international management decision-making, using all of the functional areas of business. Prerequisites: junior or senior class standing.
BUS417 - Internship
BUS418 - International Internship
Domestic students (from the United States) are required to complete an internship in a country outside of the United States. This may be done in conjunction with a Semester Study Abroad when available. International students are required to complete an internship in a country that is not their home (passport issuing) country. For international students, this may be completed by working with a business involved in international trade that is located in the United States. Prerequisite: approval by department chair. (4 credits may apply toward the major)
BUS430WI - Entity Tax and Law
(4 credits) (Writing intensive) This course is a continuation of Individual Income Tax and Business Law. This course will focus on the legal and tax differences between partnerships, LLC's, and the corporate business structure as well as how those differences impact management decision-making. Other topics covered may include federal regulation of business, estate planning and bankruptcy. Prerequisites: ACC 307 and BUS 321 or permission of instructor. Cross-referenced in accounting.
BUS432 - Small Business Management
This course focuses on current theory and practice relating to starting and continuing management of small and family businesses. As such, it is designed for students contemplating management or ownership of a small business. The course will focus on leadership, decision-making, management, marketing, financial controls and other necessary processes to ensure the successful start-up and long-term health of the small business enterprise. It will include identifying the particularities of small business management, analyzing process and life cycle, focusing on growth, and taking an emphasis on total quality management. Prerequisites: ACC 216, BUS 201 and junior standing. (4 credits)
BUS435 - Social Enterprise
BUS473 - Advanced Derivaties
(3 credits) This is an advanced course in derivative markets. A basic understanding of derivative pricing as would be found in an undergraduate investments text is assumed. Topics will include binomial option pricing, the Black-Scholes-Merton model, Brownian motion and Ito's Lemma, and interest rate models. Material corresponding to the Society of Actuaries Exam MFE: Actuarial Models and Financial Economics will be covered. Prerequisites: MAT 116QR or MAT 117QR, MAT 112QR, MAT 211, BUS 304 or permission of instructor.
BUS510 - International Management
An emphasis on culture and the interconnections of management functions in global commerce provide an integrated approach to international management decision-making, using all of the functional areas of business. Prerequisites: Bachelor's Degree or permission of the department. (4 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
BUS517 - Internship
(2-12 credits, dependent upon internship experience and program requirements)
BUS520 - Non-Profit Management
This course provides an introduction to non-profit management for non-business majors, including general management, basics of accounting, introduction to finance, marketing, and operations management of development projects. It will also include a component on grant writing and accessing funds. Prerequisites: Bachelor's Degree or permission of the department. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
BUS530 - Social Enterprise
This course is focused on the process for utilizing productive economic activities to create jobs, produce necessary products, and impact people and ministry through venture design and development. It also includes student interaction with successful case of "business as mission" and the experience of Christian entrepreneurs from a broad spectrum of businesses. Students will be challenged in "doing entrepreneurial activities" through crafting their own social enterprise business plans. Prerequisite: Bachelor's Degree or permission of the department. (4 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
BUS540 - World Poverty and Development
This foundational overview course considers the complexities of the environment of poverty. Informed by serious academic study of socio-economic, cultural, political, and religious contexts, it also provides a practical understanding of the roots of world poverty and presents alternative views of how to create wealth. A broad comprehension of world poverty and development is fundamental for promoting transformational development projects. Prerequisites: Bachelor's Degree or permission of the department. (4 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
COM185WI - Media Writing
(4 credits) (Writing intensive) Students learn genres of writing for print and broadcast journalism and video, as well as for public relations and advertising. They learn these genres in relation to each other and in relation to their organizational contexts and audiences. Included are reporting, organizing and writing, as well as basic legal and ethical guidelines for reporters and writers in journalism and PR.
COM202 - Video Production
Acquaints the student with the basic equipment, techniques, and procedures of video production, both in studio and on location. Attention to principles of videotape editing.(3 credits)
COM215 - Practicum in Public Relations
Practical experience in public relations related projects such as publicity, promotions, employee and customer relations, special events, advertising, Web design, corporate research, grant writing, and human resources development and training. Project sites and sponsors may be campus departments and organizations, community businesses, and non-profit organizations. Prerequisites: completion of, or enrollment in, any of the following courses: COM230, 261, 263, 315, 332, 355, and ENG288, or permission of instructor. (1 credit)
COM217 - Communication Practicum in Print Media
Practical experience working on the campus newspaper, the Beacon, or the college yearbook, the Cornerstone. Prerequisite: students must be accepted for membership on one of these publications before signing up for the practicum. (1 credit)
COM225 - Media Law and Ethics
(2 credits) This class explores the ethical and legal judgments of media professionals both past and present in an attempt to reveal the process by which important communications decisions are made. By exploring the successes and failures of others, students will learn to hone their own decision-making skills. They will also learn how the law affects their field and ultimately the decision-making processes of members of the media. Finally, this course will show students there is no such thing as a universal ethic and that their own principles will not always agree with the principles of others. Students will come to understand the differences between secular ethical considerations and their own Christian values. Prerequisite: COM101.
COM261 - Feature Writing
Study of interviewing practices, research methods, organization, and interest-gathering techniques necessary for writing longer articles, profiles, columns and consumer affairs writing.Prerequisite: COM185 or permission of instructor.(2 credits; alternate years, consult department)
COM263 - Layout and Design
Covers basic principles of design as they apply to a wide variety of publications. Emphasis on selecting type, art and graphics appropriate to subject matter, purpose and audience.(3 credits)
COM315 - Writing and Design for the Web
(3 credits; alternate years, consult department) Study of writing and design for a Web environment. Students will analyze Internet sites and design sites of their own, using a standard program for Web design. Prerequisites: ENG184 or equivalent and any of the following: COM263, ART220, ART230, or permission of instructor.
COM415SR - Advanced Public Relations: Strategy and Implementation
This course is designed to further define the ethical practice of public relations, to reflect on the student's study of communications and the NWCore, to examine the student's role in the vocation of public relations, to provide experience in the research, design, presentation, and evaluation of a communications campaign for a client, and to examine individual and corporate responsibility to the greater world. There is considerable emphasis on writing and speaking. Prerequisites: COM 185WI and COM 230, COM 236 or permission of instructor. (4 credits)
ECO101SS - Everyday Economics
This is an introductory course in economics which will cover both microeconomics and macroeconomics concepts in light of current economic issues. The course will explore economic institutions, how they came to be, how they have changed over time, and how the government modifies them. This course will also provide an introduction to the history of economic thought. Note: The course is not intended for business or economics majors. (4 credits) (NWCore option under Self and Society)
ECO213 - Principles of Microeconomics
Microeconomics deals with price determination and how the price system functions. Supply and demand, output, competition, monopoly, resource pricing, international trade and finance will be studied. (4 credits)
ECO214 - Principles of Macroeconomics
Macroeconomics concerns itself with economic aggregates such as inflation, unemployment, recessions, national debt, and international trades. Macroeconomic models will be introduced. These models will be used to understand the application of monetary and fiscal policy. Prerequisite: ECO213. (4 credits)
ECO301 - Money and Banking
This course is designed to increase understanding of how banks and the banking system fit into the entire economic system. The functions of money, the federal reserve system, monetary theory, inflation and the international financial system will be taught. Prerequisites: ECO213 and 214. (4 credits)
ECO305 - Current Economic Problems
This is an upper-level discussion course designed to require students to apply economic principles and policies to issues confronting economists in business and government. Both micro and macro concepts are explored. Controversial issues to be confronted include the extent of government involvement in the economy, energy, employment, inflation, deficits and world trade. Prerequisites: ECO213 and 214. (3 credits; non-yearly, consult department)
ECO314 - Intermediate Macroeconomics
Builds on the concepts of inflation, unemployment and economic growth learned in principles level macroeconomics. Introduces models with which the student will become more proficient in understanding how the economy works. Prerequisite: ECO214 and MAT111 or 112. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ECO315 - Intermediate Microeconomics
This course will examine economic theory and methodology with emphasis on the principles of price determination, consumer behavior, market equilibrium, optimality of resource allocation, production and costs, comparison of market structures, and the behavior of firms in nonperfect competition. Prerequisite: ECO213 and MAT111 or 112. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ECO333 - International Economics
This course is a study of the theory and practice of international trade, international economic and monetary activity, balance of trade international payment mechanisms, exchange rate systems, functions of the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank. Prerequisites: ECO213 and 214. (4 credits)
ECO375 - Econometrics with Regression Analysis
This course introduces students to the fundamentals of econometric analysis. The primary focus is on simple and multiple linear regressions using cross-sectional data and time series regressions. We will also discuss regression analysis using panel data. Rather than theoretical statistics, the course will emphasize application by using statistical packages and interpreting the output. Prerequisites: MAT111QR or MAT112QR and MAT116QR or MAT117QR. (4 credits) Cross-referenced in mathematics.
ECO390 - Game Theory
This course is an introduction to and survey of the theory of games (multiperson decision theory) and its applications, primarily in economics. The Nash equilibrium concept will be carefully developed to provide a basis for analyzing various forms of strategic interaction. Areas of application will include oligopolistic markets, common resource markets, stock market microstructure and corporate takeovers. In addition to economic applications, we will use game theory to explore selected political, social and religious issues. Prerequisites: MAT111 or 112, or permission of instructor. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ECO398 - Directed Study
ECO417 - Internship
ECO430 - Managerial Economics
Success in business depends on the positioning of the firm and the management of its resources. Through the lens of economics, students will learn to think systematically and strategically about critical management issues concerning consumer demand, costs, pricing, market competition, and organizational incentives. This course is an advanced economics course focusing on economic reasoning and decision-making in everyday life of a manager or an entrepreneur. Emphasis will be placed on case studies and quantitative data analyses. Prerequisites: ECO 213 and MAT 116QR or MAT 117QR. (4 credits)
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